Genghis Khan was the Emperor of the Mongol Empire. He must have been one of the most ferocious people ever to live on the planet Earth. Genghis marked his reign with blood, feasts, and love of different women. People like Napoleon, Hitler, or Stalin look like amateurs when we compare them to Genghis Khan. This fierce Mongol knew how to rule, and he successfully did it for many years in the 13th century. There wasn't a person back in the day, who would not be scared of Genghis Khan's power. The Mongol Empire conquered all Asia, and no enemy could withstand Genghis Khan and his bloodthirsty army. Oh yes, even though Mongols loved to compromise, they were known for their brutal physical power. People believed that one Mongolian man could defeat ten or more warriors of other culture. And that was true. Genghis Khan proved many times how strong his army was, defeating his enemies against all the odds.
Nowadays, the only news we can hear about Mongolia is that Russians are trying out their nuclear weapons in the steppes of this ancient empire. If Genghis Khan were alive, he would not let this kind of thing happen. Actually, he would not let anyone live in peace as well. Genghis loved to fight more than anything else. That said, he did a lot of other things in his life as well. It is strange how little we know about Genghis Khan, the greatest Emperor of all times. Here are 15 mind blowing facts about the strongest warrior, who could singlehandedly conquer the entire planet.
15 40 Million Dead People
Genghis Khan was one of the most deeply feared historical figures in the world for a good reason. Historians estimate that Genghis Khan is responsible for over 40 million deaths, and at that time it was equal to 11 percent of the world's population. For comparison, we can look at World War II, which has put "only" around three percent of the world's population, 60-80 million people, to the graveyard. What Genghis Khan did is downright scary when we put it in perspective, right? Actually, Genghis Khan's killings are partially responsible for making the climate colder in the 13th century and removing over 700 million tons of CO2 from the planet Earth. If Genghis Khan were alive today, we would not have to talk about global warming... but we would have to hide if we were not Mongolians. Good thing that even the most powerful cannot resurrect from the dead.
14 10-Year-Old Genghis Khan Killed His Half-Brother
Genghis Khan had a very rough childhood. His father was killed by an enemy tribe when Genghis was only nine years old. Later, Genghis tribe expelled his mother, so the poor lady had to raise Genghis and six other children on her own. Needless to say, Mongolia in the 13th century was not the best place for an unprotected woman with seven children. All of Genghis' family suffered a lot from hunger and cold. That made Genghis a real fighter. He even killed his half-brother Bekhter for not sharing food. Genghis was ten at the time of this dispute. I understand that siblings might be a pain in the rear end sometimes, but killing them is not what normal people do. It was a clear sign that one hell of a cold-blooded warrior was growing up. Later, Genghis was enslaved by a rival clan, and it only made him hate everyone more. Of course, Genghis escaped the slavery, and the rest is history.
13 Genghis Khan Is Not His Real Name
You would probably call me crazy if I told you that Temüjin is one of the best-known people in history. However, that is true. You see, Genghis Khan's real name was actually Temüjin, which means “of iron” or “blacksmith.” It is a cool name, but definitely not for a warlord and emperor. So, Temüjin changed his name to Genghis Khan in 1206. It is for sure that "Khan" is the title, meaning "ruler," but historians are still puzzled about the meaning of "Genghis." Some believe that it translates to English as "ocean," but the more common version is that "Genghis" is a transformation of the Chinese word "Zhèng," which means "right" and "just." So, ironically Genghis Khan is translated as “the just ruler." If you ask me, the 13th century was a very dark place to live in if people called Genghis Khan, killer of 40 million innocent souls, a just and right person.
12 Cruel Ways Of Torturing
Genghis Khan was the most feared human of the 13th century, who could destroy dynasties just by moving his little finger. He created the Mongol Empire all by himself and earned his eternal spot in the history books. However, a lot of people had to suffer for Genghis Khan to succeed. Oh yes, the Mongolians were known for their horrendous torturing techniques. One of the most popular was pouring molten silver down the throat and ears of a victim. Genghis Khan also liked bending his enemy's back until the backbone snapped. If that sounds barbaric, skip this next part. So, the Mongols once celebrated victory over Russians in a very bizarre way. They picked all the Russian survivors, dropped them on the ground and put a heavy wooden gate on top of them. Then, Genghis Khan and the entire Mongol army had a huge banquet on that wooden gate. They ate, drank, and watched how Russians were dying one by one from the suffocation, pressure, and wounds.
11 Beauty Contests Of Captured Women
Genghis Khan had so much power that he could do whatever he wanted. For instance, when Genghis occupied some new area, he would kill or enslave all the men and share all the women amongst his tribe. Genghis Khan would even make beauty contests of captured women to decide which woman is the most beautiful one. Yeah, he was having his Miss Universe competition before it was cool. So, the queen of those beauty competitions would win the privilege to become one of many Genghis Khan's women. Rest of the Mongolian army would share all the other contestants. It shows us once again how cruel and barbaric Mongols were. The saddest part is that Genghis Khan forced those captured women to be a part of this feast of vanity. So, the next time you watch a beauty competition, remember that Genghis Khan might be one of the pioneers of the event. Yes, the man was a true womanizer.
10 Genghis Won Wars Against Larger Armies
When we look at what Genghis Khan achieved with the Mongol Empire, we cannot help but appreciate his mastermind as a warlord. It surely looks like Genghis Khan had three dragons with him just like Khaleesi. I cannot find any other explanation of Genghis Khan's success. I mean, he defeated Jin Dynasty's one million troops with only 90,000 Mongolians by his side. Yes, Genghis Khan managed to win a war with ten times fewer troops than his opponent's army. On top of that, he was invading China, so he had to overcome all the "little" problems such as the Great Wall of China. Genghis Khan with his army had destroyed over 500,000 of Chinese troop before getting control of Northern China and Beijing. The rest of the Chinese army had to surrender to the power of Genghis Khan. Destroying Jin Dynasty is only one of many examples of how great of a warlord Genghis Khan was. Also, he had some brutal and loyal men by his side, and let’s not rule out the dragon theory.
9 Genghis Khan Made His Enemies Into His Followers
Physical force is not enough to achieve something as great as Genghis Khan did. Yes, there is no doubt that he is the greatest and most brutal warlord in history, but he was also a very wise man. In 1201, during a battle, Genghis Khan was shot by an enemy archer. Needless to say, he was not happy about it. So, after the Mongolian army won the battle, Genghis Khan spent some time looking for the man that shot him. He even pretended that it was not him who got shot, but his horse, so the enemy archer would have the courage to confront Genghis. An unbelievable thing happened when the archer finally stepped out of the crowd and confessed shooting Genghis Khan. Instead of killing his enemy, Genghis Khan recognized his talent and asked him to join the Mongolian army. The archer became a great general and loyally served Genghis for many years. That is one of the reasons why Mongol Empire was such a success back in the 13th century.
8 There Is No Evidence How Genghis Khan Looked Like
There are so many pictures of Genghis Khan all over the internet and history books, but the truth is - no one actually knows what Genghis Khan looked like. How in the world is that even possible? Well, Genghis Khan had forbidden people to depict him in any way. That means there are no paintings, sculptures, or even writings on Genghis Khan's appearance. Historians keep finding some records which talk about Genghis semblance, but they are very vague and unreliable. They sound like "My friend of a friend saw Genghis Khan once and he looked like..." Anyway, after Genghis Khan's death, people started picturing him non-stop, so the face of Genghis which we have today is pretty close to reality. However, some historians believe that Genghis might have had red hair. That would be pretty hardcore if it were true, but we can only keep guessing.
7 The Most Successful Biological Father
It is not a secret that Genghis Khan loved to have some bedroom time with all the different women. Whenever Genghis would conquer new land (he did it more frequent than people scroll Facebook nowadays), he would also get himself a new wife. Genghis did that because he liked beautiful women, but it was also a very convenient way to demonstrate his power. Spreading his blood line all over Asia ensured peace in the entire Mongol Empire. So, how many children did Genghis Khan have? It is pretty much impossible to tell the number, but historians estimate that today, around eight percent of men from Asia are his descendants. I cannot even start to process this number, but apparently, Genghis Khan was a great lover. No one in the history is even close to having such a wide family tree. So, next time when you talk about Genghis Khan, remember that it is a great chance that he is your ancestor.
6 Genghis Khan Is A National Hero In Mongolia
If you ever go to Mongolia, don't get surprised when you see Genghis Khan's face on a tugrik (national currency of Mongolia) bill. Genghis Khan is a real hero in Mongolia, and people are crazy about his success with the Mongol Empire. They don't talk about all the cruel things that Genghis Khan did, and they look up to him as a man who made Mongolia great. Genghis' legacy is so huge that the Soviet Union even banned everything that had anything to do with Genghis Khan. The Russians did it because they knew that as long as Genghis Khan is alive in the hearts of Mongolians, they will never surrender peacefully. So, up until 1990, when the Soviet Union collapsed, Mongolians could only worship their hero, Genghis Khan, silently. Today, however, if you travel to Mongolia, you will not be able to pass a day without seeing Genghis Khan in one form or another.
5 Genocide Against The People Of Iran
As much as Mongolians love Genghis Khan, Iranians hate him. And there is a legit reason for that. The Khwarazmian Empire was located in the territory of Iran, and it was a very powerful dynasty up until the Mongol Empire invaded it. In just a few years, the Mongols with Genghis Khan ahead of them, entirely destroyed and conquered the Khwarazmian Empire. Scholars estimate that during the wars, Genghis Khan butchered around 3/4 of the Iranians. That is one of the biggest genocides in history, and estimations show that the population of Iranians only reached its pre-Mongols level in the mid-20th century. Oh yes, it took Iranians 700 years to heal their deep wounds left by Genghis Khan. Even today, Iranians have a saying "it's as if the Mongols have attacked," which means that something chaotic and brutal has happened. Thanks to Genghis Khan, Iranians will never forgive Mongols their crimes.
4 Genghis Khan Was Tolerant Of Different Religions
We already know that Genghis Khan was one cruel ruler, but even he had some nice features. For example, Genghis Khan was a real fan of all the different religions in the world. He studied Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, and Christianity on his free time, and wanted to make the Mongol Empire a place, where people with different religious views would be able to live in peace. Genghis Khan even initiated a debate between teams of Christians, Muslims, and Buddhist to determine which religion is the best, but all the participants got drunk, and the event concluded without any winners. Apparently, people all over the world are trying to figure out the answer till this day. Anyway, Genghis Khan's love of religion was very important while trying to control the Mongol Empire. Genghis Khan knew that people behaved better when they could feel free and satisfied. That said, Genghis Khan also hated everyone who tried to disobey him.
3 Genghis Khan Punished All His Offenders
Genghis Khan was a man of reason. He let the people in the Mongol Empire live a happy life as long as they followed his rules. However, Genghis Khan cruelly punished everyone who tried to break those rules. For example, when the governor of one of the cities in the Khwarazmian Empire took over Genghis Khan's trade caravan and killed all the traders, Genghis Khan went berserker. He sent 100,000 Mongols to the Khwarazmian Empire and killed thousands of people, including the governor. Genghis Khan poured molten silver into the governor's eyes and mouth until the poor guy roasted from the inside. That was a clear sign that anyone, stupid enough to harm the Mongol Empire, would have to face devastating consequences. History shows that spreading fear worked perfectly in Genghis Khan's favor. He still needed to invade some rebellious places from time to time, but for the most of the time, people in The Mongol Empire behaved really well.
2 The Mysterious Death Of Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan could be as powerful and respected as he wanted, but he still had to surrender to the laws of nature. Genghis Khan died in 1227, at the age of 65. A lot of mystery surrounds the death of the emperor. Scholars are not able to tell what caused Genghis death or where his grave is. Naturally, a lot of legends emerged related to Genghis Khan's death. Some people believe that he had simply fallen from his horse while hunting; others take this theory a little further, saying that an enemy shot an arrow to Genghis Khan's knee. However, the most popular version is that a captured princess of China had pulled off a master assassination on Genghis Khan. I guess we will never get to know the truth if we don't already know it after 800 years. However, one thing is for sure - Genghis Khan survived 65 years, and that is f-ing impressive because the entire world was trying to kill him all his life. Also, historians are unable to track where Genghis Khan's grave is. If I were the president of Mongolian, I would make up the grave to boost the tourism in Mongolia.
1 The Largest Contiguous Empire In History
Genghis Khan left a great legacy behind him. We can discuss his controversial way of ruling and condemn him for killing 11 percent of the population. We can also love him for creating the first international postal system and letting all the religions live in peace. Yes, Genghis Khan has done many things in his life. However, there is no doubt that his greatest achievement is creating the Mongol Empire. It went to become the largest contiguous empire in history, and this record will stay forever. The Mongol Empire covered 16.11 percent of the world's land area, which is 9.266 million square miles. These are some breathtaking numbers. Genghis Khan is the reason why Mongols are seen as cruel and bloodthirsty warriors by the rest of the world. I don't know if it is good or bad, but I am pretty sure that Genghis Khan died a proud man. If I had to choose one person to be the warlord of my army, Genghis Khan would be the man.