There are many beliefs that surround us in the world, helping us get through life because we live according to those beliefs. Some are related to the supernatural; for example, when you step on a crack, you break your mother’s back. If you do not forward chain letters, something bad will happen to you.
Some of the beliefs that people have are based on religious texts and teachings, while others are based on science. There are people who will not believe anything until they see it and that is how their lives are governed. There are people who are atheists because they believe that no supernatural power exists.
Other people base their beliefs on culture. Every culture has its own belief which governs how members of that culture live and interact with one another. Some of these beliefs are outdated and they do not have any basis scientifically. However, for a long period of time, they were in practice and they governed peoples lives. Some of the outdated beliefs are listed below:
10 Wife Selling
There was a time when people believed in wife selling. Once a man and a woman were married, the wife became the man’s property. Women were not allowed to own land or property, and were therefore owned by the husbands.
The women were sold at public auctions that often occurred at a market place. They were led there with a rope around their necks, wrists or waists (similar to cows and sheep), and were auctioned off to the highest bidder. There were no cases heard of any women opposing their sale. In fact, some even arranged to be sold. These women must have been very frustrated in their marriages.
9 Rabbit Test
Due to the development of technology and medicine, pregnancies are usually detected by pregnancy tests. This was not the case a while back, though. There are many ways in which women found out if they were pregnant or not, and some of these ways included urinating on a watered bag of wheat, and drinking a solution of honey and water at bed time.
One of the methods also used was injecting a woman’s urine into a rabbit. If the rabbit’s ovaries responded to the woman’s urine after a couple of days, then the woman was said to be pregnant. The weird thing is that this method actually worked.
There was a time when racism was scientific. Scientists used to use scientific findings to find out the differences between races. This kind of research was done to suppress certain individuals. It was especially common during the imperialism period.
After the Second World War ended, the scientific racism was denounced. One theory that came up in scientific racism was drapetomania. It was the name of a supposed mental illness that caused black slaves to try and free themselves. The mental condition was described as unknown to medical authorities. The disease was widely printed during the colonial era. It was said to be the result of slave owners familiarizing themselves too much with the slaves.
7 Biblical Restrictions
The bible is available to us on all forums. There are hard copies available in every bookshop and there are even soft copies on smartphones. Any passage one wants to read can be extracted from the Internet. However, this was not the case a long time ago. Getting a full bible was really hard because they were very expensive.
This is because they were written by hand by the monks. The most famous chained bible was the Great Bible of King Henry VIII. Most of the common people were illiterate anyway therefore they considered owning a bible as a waste of time.
This was also because the bible was read to them every day in church. There was controversy over who was allowed to read from the bible. Some believed everyone had a right to own a bible while others believed only ordained people could read it.
6 The Blank Slate
This one occurs in psychology and philosophy. It was believed that when a child was born, it had no personality traits. The experiences that the child would get while growing up are what would shape the character of the child. Well we all know that experiences help shape people and their beliefs.
However, the whole idea that babies are born with blank slates has been proven to be false. There are instincts that a person is born with which shape who they are and how they behave. There is also the whole issue of certain gestures being used worldwide despite people having never met.
There have also been studies on twins who have been adopted into different families having similar characteristics even though they live far apart.
5 The Earth is Flat
Believe it or not, there are people who believe that the earth is flat, despite studies that have proven it is round. These people also believe any evidence aimed at showing the contrary is part of a conspiracy to earn profit.
There have been studies and people have travelled outside the earth to prove the earth is not flat, but there are still those that believe it's all a lie.
The first part of the 20th century had to be the most intrusive times of medical advancement. The amount of procedures that involved pins and needles being put in private places is mind-boggling. This particular procedure was performed on mentally ill patients.
The doctor would drill holes in the heads of the patients and cut the connecting tissues in the front area of the brain. This seemed more damaging than helpful. It became a mainstream practice, and Egaz Moniz (the pioneer doctor) received a Nobel Peace Prize for it.
However, the practice is not carried out these days and it's illegal in some parts of the world.
3 Calling Problems ‘Opportunities’
We've all had these moments where we are told that problems are opportunities in disguise. There are times when this has proven to be true. However, most of the time problems are just that - problems. Failing to call them problems can lead to bigger problems.
There are very many people out there who like feeling that they are closer to a supreme being. Many people have many beliefs and people believe in different gods. For those people who do not know what self-flagellation is, it is the whipping of the body using special instruments such as lashes or rods. This practice is similar to what happened to Jesus.
So people who want to feel closer to him practice this because they believe they are unworthy and deserve punishment.
1 Money Cannot Buy Happiness
This is a very outdated belief. Whatever anyone says, having money is never a bad thing. It will provide for needs and give space for leisure. The reason why many people find stress when they have money is the paranoia that can develop when you're rich. Jealousy is a serious problem, and wealthy people often feel the need to look over their shoulders or feel guilty for having more money than others. But in the grand scheme of things, wealth is never a bad thing.