A school can only be as good as its reputation. Here are the top 10 best universitiesin America based on reputation as determined by Times Higher Education.
10 Columbia University
Its complete name is the Columbia University in the City of New York. It is part ofthe prestigious Ivy League and is the oldest private learning institute in New York.It is also the fifth oldest university in the entire country and one of the nine originalColonial Colleges. This private research university was founded in 1754 as King’sCollege after it was granted a Royal Charter by King George II of Great Britain. Itwas renamed Columbia College in 1784 and got its current charter in 1787. In 1896,it was renamed to Columbia University. It has global centers in Beijing, Istanbul,Paris, Mumbai, Nairobi, Santiago, Rio de Janeiro and Amman. It also has jointprograms with the Jewish Theological Seminary and Juilliard School.
9 University of Michigan
The University of Michigan is a public research university located in Ann Arbor.It is the oldest university in Michigan. It is one of the founding members of theAssociation of American Universities and is one of the original eight public Ivyuniversities. It is considered as one of the top five research universities in theUnited States. It was established in 1817 in Detroit as the Catholepistemiad, or theUniversity of Michigania. The school has one of the largest living alumni groups inthe world with over 500,000 members as of 2012.
8 California Institute of Technology
The California Institute of Technology is a private research university based inPasadena. It was established in 1891 as the Throop University after its founderAmos G. Throop. It started out as a vocational school and also used the namesThroop Polytechnic Institute and Manual Training School and Throop College ofTechnology. It became the California Institute of Technology in 1920. It is smallcompared to other schools, but it boasts of 31 faculty members and alumni whohave won the Nobel Prize and 66 who have won the National Medal for Science andTechnology. It manages the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA.
7 Yale University
Yale University is a private research university based in New Haven in Connecticut.It was established in 1701, making it the third oldest institution of higher learningin the United States. It was originally known as the Collegiate School with theoriginal intention of training clergy and political leaders. In 1718, it was renamedYale College after receiving a substantial gift from Elihu Yale; then a governor of theBritish East India Company. Its Graduate School of Arts and Sciences was the firstone to award a PhD. It has produced 49 Nobel laureates, five Presidents and 19Supreme Court justices.
6 University of California, Los Angeles
The University of California, Los Angeles is a public research university based inWestwood in Los Angeles. It is considered as one of the two flagship campuses ofthe University of California system, along with the one in Berkeley. It is the secondoldest of the ten campuses in the system. It has 15 Nobel Prize awardees. It isconsidered to be the largest university in California in terms of enrollment and themost popular university in the United States in terms of number of applicants. It alsohas the most successful athletic program in the country, with a record 125 nationalchampionships, including 108 team titles.
5 Princeton University
Princeton University is a private research university based in New Jersey. It isone of the members of the prestigious Ivy League and one of the nine ColonialColleges. It was established in 1746 as the College of New Jersey in Elizabeth. Itmoved to Newark in 1747 and to Princeton in 1756. It was renamed to PrincetonUniversity in 1896. It has produced 35 Nobel Prize awardees, 17 National Medal ofScience winners and three National Humanities Medal recipients. It has the largestendowment of any university in the world on a per-student basis.
4 Stanford University
Stanford University is actually the Leland Stanford Junior University. It is a privateresearch university based in California. It is one of the most prestigious universitiesin the world with a 5.7 percent selection rate, making it stricter than Harvard, Yaleand Princeton. It was founded in 1891 by railroad tycoon and California politicianLeland Stanford, who named the school after his son, Leland Junior. The youngerStanford had died of typhoid just before he turned 16 years old. It hosted one of thefour original nodes of the ARPANET, the precursor of the Internet. The school hasproduced 54 Nobel laureates. It also boasts of the most number of recipients of theTuring Award, considered as the Nobel of Computer Science.
3 University of California, Berkeley
The University of California, Berkeley is a public research university based inBerkeley. It is considered as one of the most prestigious universities in the world.It was established in 1868 after the merger of the College of California and theAgricultural, Mining and Mechanical Arts College. It boasts of 71 Nobel Prizewinners. It is tasked with the management of three national laboratories for theDepartment of Energy.
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a private research university basedin Cambridge in Massachusetts. It was established in 1861 and it emphasizedlaboratory instruction by using the polytechnic model. In the 1930's, it began to re-emphasize scientific research. It has produced 78 Nobel laureates and 52 NationalMedal of Science recipients. The school encourages a strong entrepreneurialculture.
1 Harvard University
Harvard University is a private research university based in Cambridge. It wasestablished in 1636, making it the oldest university in the United States. It wasoriginally known as New College and the College at New Towne, before it usedthe name Harvard College in 1639. It was named after John Harvard, a graduateof the University of Cambridge in England. He gave the school his library and halfhis estate. It has the largest financial endowment in the world with $32 billion. It hasproduced 75 Nobel Prize award winners and eight Presidents.