Lots of countries are "going green" or in other terms adopting renewableenergy solutions as a measure of protecting themselves against the ill effects ofglobal warming or climate change. Some of the strategies countries employ toensure less and less emitted carbon into the atmosphere include; recycling,using renewable energy like wind or solar, promoting the use of greenproducts, driving hybrid vehicles, etc.
Every year countries are ranked using the Environmental Performance Index(EPI), a method which basically measures the performance of over 163 worldgovernments' environmental policies in combating climate change andfostering environmental conservation. A list was recently availed detailing thestrides that countries are making in an effort to go green. Here are the 10 most green countries in the world.
At number 10 in the EPI index is Colombia, a South American country that hasmade great steps in implementing green energy solutions. Reeling from theeffects of deforestation, Colombia picked itself up and has made crucial steps inensuring that it does not repeat the same environmental mistakes it did. Someof the changes that the country made in promoting environmental conservationinclude; using bamboo for construction project instead of steel, promoting theuse of eco-friendly products, fighting deforestation, allocation of national parksto save endemic species, etc.
Cuba is another country that continues to employ vibrant environmentalsolutions that essentially prevents carbon emissions. The country has madesignificant strides in eliminating the use of illegal pesticides which largelycontributed to the pollution of the environment. The country primarilygenerates its power through hydroelectricity and as a result, the government ofCuba launched an ambitious green energy policy to ensure that every Cubanhome is connected to a hydro station nearby. Additionally, the Cubangovernment has been relentless in soil conservation efforts through thelowering of sea level.
Austria has, over the years, implemented green energy policies to a greatsuccess. The countries latest green policy involves collaborating with theCzech Republic to create eco-friendly gardens along the borderline of the twocountries. Some of the floras cultivated in this noble initiative include; herbs,fruits, trees, flowers etc. No pesticides are used in the general maintenance of thegarden.
France is another country doing very well in terms of conserving theenvironment through the use of renewable energy. France has been particularlyimpressive in how it uses eco fuels, organic farming, and renewable energy likesolar power. The French government has incentivized the use of solar energy byreducing taxes of anybody that decides to uses solar panels to power theirhomes. As if that's not all, the country has been quick in adopting eco friendlyproducts like straw bales which are essentially used in the construction industry.
Mauritius the only African country in the EPI performanceindex in environmental conservation. The country administration has been atthe forefront of promoting the use of eco friendly products as well asrecycling. Mauritius generally powers all its operations using energy generatedfrom hydroelectricity.
After feeling the effects of global warming or climate change, Norway had toact fast in conserving the environment. Prior to implementing green energysolutions, Norway experienced the effects of global warming largely as a resultof the sheer fact that its Northern part is closer to the melting arctic. Some ofthe pivotal measures the country took to prevent the looming environmentaldisaster include; the use of eco fuels, renewable energy and recycling.
Sweden is a top ranking destination when it comes to conserving theenvironment through the use of eco friendly products. Aside from using greenproducts, the country scored heavily on the index largely as a result of the fact that its people are deeply advanced in the implementation to phase out the use of fossil fuels by the year 2020. The country has also received numerous praise for the way they have been able to protect their forest cover. Additionally, the country is well known for its use of dust for heating-produced by the vibrant lumbar industry. There are plenty of other green strategies that the country employs to ensure that its population does not suffer from the effects of global warming.
3 Costa Rica
Costa Rica is another perfect example of a small country doing great things.The Latin American country has performed considerably well in implementingenvironmentally sound policies. The country primarily uses energy derivedfrom renewable sources to power its operation. The Costa Rican governmentrecently set a goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2021. Massive reforestationis taking place with over 5 million trees already planted in last 3-5 years.Deforestation is now a thing of the past with the government tighteningloopholes that led to the situation.
Switzerland is the second greenest country on the planet, after Iceland. Thecountry has, in the past, occupied the number one spot as the greenest country onearth. The Switzerland government and its people have achieved remarkablesuccess in creating a greener society. Apart from using renewable energy andeco friendly products, the people are generally brought to task on theimportance of ensuring that they live in a clean environment. For instance,disposing trash generally attracts a certain amount of fees. Additionally peopledo not use cars very often, instead opting to use bicycles for transportationespecially when strolling in city. In fact in some towns cars are actuallyprohibited.
Iceland is the top green destination in the world today. The country'sbreathtaking nature aside, the people of Iceland have made remarkable progressin implementing green energy policies. For instance, geothermal is widely usedto generate electricity; while heating needs have been taken care of by use ofhydrogen. The country's main energy source is renewable energy (geothermaland hydrogen) which accounts to over 82% of the total energy used. Thecountry is really working towards being 100% green energy efficient. Above all, the country policies encourage things like recycling, use of eco fuel, use of green products, minimal driving among a host of other eco friendly measures