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The 10 Poorest Countries Over The Past Decade

The Poorest
The 10 Poorest Countries Over The Past Decade

Countries are always ranked and compared in a number of different ways. One of these ways is wealth, and for many years now a list has been released compiling a list of the richest countries in the world, as well as the poorest. To determine a countries wealth, a number of indicators are used, but they’re usually ranked by GDP. GDP, or Gross Domestic Product, is the market value of all the goods and services a country produces. Generally, it’s a pretty reliable and solid method of evaluating a countries economy. Other methods of determining a countries wealth include the number of people living in poverty, and value of imports and exports. In this list we’ll be using the GDP per capita method, which measures the market value of goods and services produced in a year, compared to a countries population in that same year.

In this list we’ll be looking at the bottom end of the scale. The poorest countries in the world over the past decade. As you’ll see, the list is dominated by countries in Africa, but there’s also a couple of surprises. So without further ado, let’s have a look at the poorest countries over the past decade. All statistics are taken from CIA World Factbook for the corresponding year.

All figures rounded up to nearest 100. Some figures were not available for some years, and are instead estimates based on the previous year.

2003: Poorest – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

2003 was an interesting year. Malta joined the European Union, The Iraq War began and the World Health Organisation issued a global alert on SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome). The human genome was also sequenced to 99.99% by the Human Genome Project.

10. Afghanistan – GDPPC (GDP Per Capita) : $700

9. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $670

8. Tanzania – GDPPC: $630

7. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $610

6. Burundi – GDPPC: $600

5. Mayotte – GDPPC: $600

4. Gaza Strip – GDPPC: $600

3. Sierra Leone – GDPPC: $580

2. Somalia – GDPPC: $550

1. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East-Timor) – GDPPC: $500

2004: Poorest – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

10

2004 was a leap year that saw the launch of Facebook and the lifting of a travel ban on Libya by the United States. The European Union saw it’s largest expansion with 10 new member-states and Russia stopped recognizing Soviet Union USSR passports as official/legal identification.

10. Ethiopia – GDPPC: $700

9. Eritrea – GDPPC: $700

8. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $600

7. Tanzania – GDPPC: $600

6. Burundi – GDPPC: $600

5. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $600

4. Gaza Strip – GDPPC: $600

3. Sierra Leone – GDPPC: $500

2. Somalia – GDPPC: $500

1. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East-Timor) – GDPPC: $500

2005: Poorest – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

9

George Bush was inaugurated in Washington for his second term as president, whilst North Korea announced it’s possession of Nuclear weapons. Social networking site MySpace saw a huge number of unique visitors, over 24 million.

10. Tanzania – GDPPC: $700

9. Republic of Guinea-Bissau – GDPPC: $700

8. Union of the Comoros – GDPPC: $700

7. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $700

6. Gaza Strip – GDPPC: $600

5. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $600

4. Burundi – GDPPC: $600

3. Sierra Leone – GDPPC: $600

2. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

1. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East-Timor) – GDPPC: $400

2006: Poorest – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

8

2006 was the first year in our list where Luxembourg was not the richest country in the world according to GDP per capita. It was knocked off the list by Bermuda, which saw a GDP per capita of $69,000. 2006 also saw the 2006 FIFA world cup hosted in Germany  and the establishment of the UN Human Rights council.

10. Afghanistan – GDPPC: $800

9. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $800

8. Tanzania – GDPPC: $700

7. The Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $700

6. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $600

5. Gaza Strip – GDPPC: $600

4. Union of the Comoros – GDPPC: $600

3. Burundi – GDPPC: $600

2. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

1. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East-Timor) – GDPPC: $400

2007: Poorest: Somalia

7

Luxembourg regained top spot for GDPPC from Bermuda with a GDPPC of $71,400. It also saw the abolishment of slavery in Mauritania, thus making it illegal world wide. 2007 was also the launch of the First generation iPhone following it’s announcement by the late CEO of Apple, Steve Jobs.

10. Tanzania – GDPPC: $800

9. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East-Timor) – GDPPC: $800

8. Afghanistan – GDPPC: $800

7. Burundi – GDPPC: $600

6. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $700

5. Burundi – GDPPC: $700

4. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $600

3. Union of the Comoros – GDPPC: $600

2. Solomon Islands – GDPPC: $600

1. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

2008: Poorest – Democratic Republic of Congo

6

In 2008, Iran opened it’s first space center and launched it’s first space rocket. Fidel Castro also resigned as President of Cuba and the Global Financial Crisis hit.

10. Ethiopia – GDPPC: $700

9. Niger – GDPPC: $700

8. Central African Republic – GDPPC: $700

7. Guinea-Bissau – GDPPC: $600

6. Union of the Comoros – GDPPC: $600

5. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

4. Solomon Islands – GDPPC: $600

3. Zimbabwe – GDPPC: $500

2. Liberia – GDPPC: $500

1. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $300

2009: Poorest – Zimbabwe

5

2009 saw Israeli forces launch a ground invasion of the Gaza Strip, the Gaza War ended in the same year having lasted a little over three weeks. Worldwide American superstar Michael Jackson also died, not too long after announcing a new music tour.

10. Eritrea – GDPPC: $700

9. Niger – GDPPC: $700

8. Central African Republic – GDPPC: $700

7. Sierra Leone – GDPPC: $700

6. Guinea-Bissau – GDPPC: $600

5. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

4. Liberia – GDPPC: $500

3. Burundi – GDPPC: $400

2. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $300

1. Zimbabwe – GDPPC: $200

2010: Poorest – Zimbabwe

4

2010 saw the opening of the Burj Khalifa skyscraper in Dubai, the tallest man made structure in the world. The United States Census also began and recorded over 300 million people to be living in the country.

10. Afghanistan – GDPPC: $800

9. Niger – GDPPC: $700

8. Eritrea – GDPPC: $700

7. Central African Republic – GDPPC: $700

6. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

5. Guinea-Bissau – GDPPC: $600

4. Liberia – GDPPC: $500

3. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $300

2. Burundi – GDPPC: $300

1. Zimbabwe – GDPPC: $200

2011: Poorest – Burundi

3

2011 was known as the year of the Arab Spring, with plenty of protests and armed conflicts in the Arab world. It was also the year of the Royal Wedding for the United Kingdom, as around two billion people watched the wedding of Prince William and the Duchess of Cambridge, Catherine Middleton. 2011 also saw Qatar top the GDP per capita rankings with a value of $145,300.

10. Togo – GDPPC: $900

9. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $900

8. Eritrea – GDPPC: $700

7. Central African Republic – GDPPC: $700

6. Niger – GDPPC: $700

5. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

4. Liberia – GDPPC: $500

3. Zimbabwe – GDPPC: $400

2. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $300

1. Burundi – GDPPC: $300

2012: Poorest – Democratic Republic of Congo

2

2012 saw the London Summer Olympic games take place, making London the first ever city to have hosted the modern Olympic games three times. Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner broke the sound barrier, the first person to do so without any machine assistance. 2012 was also the year of the first bionic eye implantation.

10. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $900

9. Niger – GDPPC: $800

8. Sierra Leone – GDPPC: $800

7. Central African Republic – GDPPC: $800

6. Eritrea – GDPPC: $700

5. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

4. Zimbabwe – GDPPC: $500

3. Burundi – GDPPC: $400

2. Liberia – GDPPC: $400

1. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $300

2013: Poorest – Democratic Republic of Congo

1

Finally, 2013. France intervened in the Northern Mali conflict, Croatia became the 28th member state of the EU and Cyprus was bailed out by the EU at a cost of around $14 billion.

10. South Sudan – GDPPC: $900

9. Republic of Malawi – GDPPC: $900

8. Niger – GDPPC: $900

7. Central African Republic – GDPPC: $800

6. Eritrea – GDPPC: $800

5. Liberia – GDPPC: $700

4. Somalia – GDPPC: $600

3. Burundi – GDPPC: $600

2. Zimbabwe – GDPPC: $500

1. Democratic Republic of Congo – GDPPC: $400

 

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