From secret alien spaceship landings to Presidential assassinations, conspiracy theories surround almost every momentous occasion in history. No matter what that event may be, a conspiracy theory will always focus on a particular organization that is supposedly behind the event. Some conspiracy theories are outrageously unbelievable while others are so close to reality that they may just be true. No matter whether a conspiracy theory is backed by decades of evidence or simply concocted on a whim, they always have a large following of believers. It is these conspiracy die-hards that keep the theories going for years or even decades, regardless of opposition and the disbelief of others. The most famous conspiracy theories have created mystery and suspicion around a number of historical events. Below are the Top 10 Most Famous Conspiracy Theories in the World.
10. President Barack Obama’s Birth Certificate
Since President Barack Obama‘s victory in 2008, a small group of conspiracy theorists have worked tirelessly to find fact in their claim that Barack Obama was not born within the United States and therefore cannot be the President of the United States. In order to disprove this group known as “birthers,” President Obama released his birth certificate in 2011. While to most the certificate appears to be real, birthers believe that the document was concocted by the President and is false. They have attempted to uphold their allegations through several points such as; Obama’s father’s age is wrong on the birth certificate, Obama’s mother did not live at the address listed on the birth certificate, there were no laser printers to print the document when Obama was born in 1961, and a certification of Live Birth is not a birth certificate.
9. Global Warming is a Hoax
Though scientist and environmentalists have brought forth compelling and highly studied facts which show just how real man-made global warming is, some conspiracy theorists believe that it is simply a hoax. According to conspiracy theorists who denounce man-made global warming, the current trend in climate change has been skewed by scientists and the government in order to obtain power over citizens. Theorists believe that the CO2 accumulation around the world is either simply not a real issue, or is not created by man. Many theorists believe that the government intends to use man-made global warming as a method of controlling citizens and scamming them out of money through higher taxes on products such as coal and petrol.
8. Roswell, New Mexico
As far as conspiracy theories go, a secret alien landing cover-up is about as good as it gets. Maybe that’s why the flying saucer that crashed in Roswell, New Mexico in July of 1947 remains a highly recognized conspiracy theory. The theory was first ignited when the Roswell Army Air Field issued a press release indicating that the military had recovered a crashed alien spaceship. Though that story was quickly revoked by a second press released that claimed the crashed material was actually debris of a weather balloon, stories of the supposed alien landing grew. Over the year there were even tales of recovered alien bodies. Finally, in the 1990’s the Air Forced concluded that the material was from a secret program of atmospheric balloons and the alien bodies were said to be crash test dummies used in military experiments. Though the alien theory has been disputed for years, the people of Roswell, New Mexico still hold a festival each year, celebrating the crash spaceship.
7. Flight 800
On, July 17, 1996, after TWA Flight 800 took off from John F. Kennedy International Airport, it exploded and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York. According to the National Transportation Safety Board, the cause of the crash was an explosion due to a short- circuit and flammable fuel/vapors in the fuel tank. However, conspiracy theorists don’t agree with the NTSB’s ruling. Instead, many believe that the investigation was the cover-up for a U.S. Navy missile test gone wrong, an on-board bomb, or a terrorist missile strike. The theories have persisted due to a former National Transportation Safety Board investigator named Hank Hughes and the 2013 documentary entitled TWA Flight 800.
Fluoride is supposed to be a method for maintaining the strength of human’s teeth. But many conspiracy theorists believe that the government’s decision to put fluoride in drinking water has another purpose all together. And why shouldn’t people? During World War II, the Nazis used fluoridated water to sterilize humans and force people in concentration camps into a calm submission. In October of 1954, chemist Charles E. Perkins made public the results of consuming fluoridated water in a letter to the Lee Foundation for Nutritional Research. According to Perkins, “any person who drinks artificially fluorinated water for a period of one year or more will never again be the same person mentally or physically.” With the continuous media attention around fluoridated water, the theories of fluoridation have only heightened in recent years.
5. The 9/11 Attacks
As with many large-scale disasters, the tragic 9/11 attacks that destroyed the World Trade Center buildings is surrounded by mysterious data and a host of conspiracy theories. The most compelling of these theories is that certain people within the United States government were aware of the impending attacks but did nothing to stop them. Why didn’t they do anything? According to conspiracy theorists, the 9/11 attacks were possibly orchestrated to give the U.S. a reason to invade Afghanistan and Iraq. Many theorists also believe that there was some form of insider trading that occurred directly before the attacks which allowed many people on Wall Street and in the private sector to profit from the attacks.
4. The CIA and AIDS
In 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Since then a theory, which insists that the virus was created by the CIA to wipe out homosexuals and African Americans, has lingered and remains a controversial topic of conversation among very high-profile believers. President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa has continuously accused the United States government of creating the AIDS virus in military laboratories. Many supporters of the conspiracy theory also allege that the government intentionally injected homosexual men with the virus during a 1978 hepatitis-B experiment in New York, San Francisco, and Los Angeles in an attempt to control the homosexual population. The theory has been disputed by many scientists, but it continues to circulate within the American population even today.
3. The Moon Landing Hoax
In July of 1969, Neil Armstrong made history as the first man to set foot on the moon. Why would NASA stage a moon landing? According to those that believe the conspiracy theory, the U.S. government was competing with the Soviet Union (which is now Russia) for technological superiority. In order to send a message to the Russians that the United States was the superpower, the U.S. government along with NASA concocted a series of fake moon landings that were filmed and then aired. Of course, this conspiracy theory has been disputed by NASA as well as several dozen other scientists and of course the man who first set foot on the moon, Neil Armstrong.
2. The Death of Princess Diana
After marrying Prince Charles in 1981, Princess Diana became a highly photographed and beloved figure of the Royal Family. However, her marriage to Charles did not last long and the couple divorced in 1996. Nearly two years later, shortly after midnight on August 31, 1997, Diana was killed when her limousine collided with a pillar in the Alma Tunnel in central Paris. Though the immediate ruling of the cause of death was an accident, two conspiracy theories have remained. Because Diana was accompanied by her boyfriend, Dodi Al Fayed, the son of an Egyptian billionaire, it has been speculated that the Royal Family was behind Diana’s tragic death. According to some, the Royal Family did not want Diana marrying a man who was Muslim and so they had a member of MI6 cause the crash. Another theory is that the paparazzi caused the crash by following so closely to the limousine at such high speeds. While the paparazzi was exonerated, their involvement has remained questionable by many.
1. The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy
In 1963, the sudden death of President John F. Kennedy left the country saddened, shocked, and searching for answers. After one year and an investigation by the Warren Commission, it was concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone gunman who had killed JFK. However, in 1978, nearly 15 years after President Kennedy’s death, the House of Representatives Select Committee on Assassinations, concluded that it was unlikely that Lee Harvey Oswald had been the only gunman to fire at the President’s motorcade. With that conclusion a host of conspiracy theories began to form around President Kennedy’s assassination. Theories such as a Mafia organized assassination, a Soviet organized assassination, and even a CIA organized assassination.