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10 Of The Most Extreme Geographical Features In The World

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10 Of The Most Extreme Geographical Features In The World

What do all nature lovers and travelers or adventurers have in common? They all appreciate the natural beauty of the world. They savor the wonders around them, which is something that most of us have been unable to do. In our case, it is all thanks to the hours and hours spent in geography class that has made us fear the outside (yes, we are introverts).

We mean, as awesome as geography may seem, let’s be real here, it was the worst subject in school. We have yet to meet someone who would say that they really truly loved geography, and if you happen to be one of those people, well then, hats off to you. But seriously, for the rest of us, it was pretty terrible.

But that said, good old Mother Nature is still pretty awesome and she has given us more than just greens and blues. In all honesty, if Earth were nothing more than a giant ball of just greens and blues, as it can be seen from Google earth, it would’ve been pretty boring. So we should all take a moment to thank Mother Nature for giving us more colors, like brown and yellow and stuff. You don’t need to be a nature enthusiast to be able to appreciate the exciting treats offered by Mother Nature. The world is still shrouded in mystery, no matter how much of it is discovered. After all, we have only been able to touch at 1% of the Ocean’s surface. So this is something for mystery fans to get excited about too!

So as our way of thanking nature for giving us more colorful things to look at and for making the world so interesting and mysterious, here is a list of the 10 most extreme geographical features of the world.

10. Highest Point Of The World

Yup! You’ve guessed it right, we’re talking about Mount Everest. The tallest point in the world, Mount Everest, reaches as high as 29,035 feet. It is the mountain that is on every adventurer’s bucket list to climb. It was first discovered in the 1850s, and it was named after a retired Surveyor General, George Everest, who ironically never even saw the peak. It has been climbed by both man and child alike.

However, as romantic as the notion of climbing it may seem, several people have also died trying to reach the top, and so, this mountain which reaches 20,236 above sea level, is both a fascinating and a dangerous obstacle for every adventurer out there.

9. Lowest Point In the World

Dead Sea is the lowest point in the world. The sea itself is located 434 meters below sea level (as sea below sea level? That irony). Apparently, in the past 40 years, the Dead Sea has fallen even further, by 80 feet (25 meters). How low can this sea go we wonder?

One of the most fascinating facts is that a major algae bloom colored the entire sea red at one point, in 1980 and once again, in 1992. And no, studies have shown that the Dead Sea isn’t as dead as we imagined it to be. A study showed that bacterial species do exist at the very bottom of the sea.

8. Northernmost Point Of Land

North Pole! Shockingly, the answer is no. It might be the northernmost point on earth, but the northernmost point of land is Kaffeklubben Island, which is located in the Arctic Ocean, Greenland. However, this island is located 713.5 kilometers (443.3 miles) away from the North Pole, so maybe a visit to Santa is not an impossibility after all. It was first discovered in 1900 by Robert E. Peary, who was an American Arctic explorer.

It was named by Lauge Koch, who was a Danish explorer in 1921. Ironically, “Kaffeklubben” actually means “Coffee Club” in Danish, but as is obvious, there are no Coffee Clubs in Kaffeklubben, but maybe the citizens of Greenland should build a few, considering how cold it is.

7. Southernmost Point Of Land

This time the answer is the South Pole, and it is located in Antarctica (gee, thanks Captain obvious). Interestingly, once in the South Pole, all the directions from there are north, because it is in a location where all the lines of longitude converge (including the North Pole) and the latitude is 90 degrees south.

The land is only about a 100 meters above sea level, and the ice is about 2,700 meters (9,000 feet) thick, making the South Pole even colder than the North Pole. Shockingly, that still does not make the South Pole the coldest place on earth, as the lowest temperature ever recorded was in Vostok, Russia. Also, the South Pole only experiences sunrise and sunset once a year, in September and March respectively.

6. The Furthest Island From Another Piece Of Land

Also called “the most remote island in the world” and one of the loneliest islands in the world, Bouvet Island is located in the South Atlantic Ocean, and is under the Norwegian dependency. It is a volcanic island with the center filled with ice. Yes, it is an inactive volcano, and this island was first discovered by Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, in January 1, 1739, and it was later named after him.

We actually feel sorry for the island, as it is uninhabited and almost completely covered in ice, making it almost impenetrable. This small island is 23 square miles (59 square kilometers) in area, and it has a height of 3,068 feet (935 meters).

5. The Largest Island

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Greenland. It has a surface area of 2,166,086 square kilometer (836,109 square miles), making it the largest island in the world. It was previously a part of Denmark, but it now has its own government and its own parliament since 1979. The living conditions in Greenland are harsh, and so, it only has a population of around 57,000 people.

The majority of the island is covered with ice which is as thick as 4km in some places. Although their fish resources have been dwindling over the years, the melting of ice caps in Greenland has enabled them to get a better access to their mineral resources, providing them with a different source of livelihood.

4. The Deepest River

The deepest river in the world is the Congo River, which has a depth of 220 meters (720 feet). It is the second longest river in the world by discharge right after the Amazon. Also known as Zaire River, it is located in west-central Africa.

It eventually empties out into the Atlantic Ocean at Banana (Banane). The river has a total length of 4,700 kilometers (2,920 miles), making it the 9th longest river in terms of its length.

3. The Newest Island

A volcanic island located in the Philippine Sea, Niijima Island was formed by a volcanic eruption late in November 2013. It is 600 miles south of Tokyo, Japan, and the 14 acre area that it had begun with has expanded. It has joined with a neighboring island, Nishino Shima, which was around 1,640 feet (500 meters).

Earth’s surface keeps shifting and nothing is permanent, and many had expected Niijima to disappear after a while, but early signs have shown that the island will stick around for a long time. This snoopy-shaped island (that’s right, it looks like snoopy) is actually a part of a chain of 30 other small islands, which are collectively called Ogasawara Chain or the Bonin Islands.

2. The Longest System Of Caves

The Mammoth-Flint Ridge Cave System located in Kentucky is the longest system of caves in the world. It encompasses an area of about 52,830 acres, and it is double the length of the second longest cave system, which is the San Actun underwater cave in Mexico.

It is a remarkably stable system formed by aged limestone with a coat of sandstone on top. So far, the passageway is 630 kilometers (390 miles) long, and it keeps increasing every year. According to legend, the cave was either discovered by Francis Houchin, or his brother John Houchin, in 1797. It was later turned into a national park on July 1, 1941. It is now also known as the Mammoth Cave National Park.

1. Furthest Feature From The Equator

Nope! It is not Mount Everest, although it is understandable why you would think that. It is Chimborazo, which is an inactive volcano located in Ecuador. It is also the highest mountain there, with a majestic height of 6,268 meters (20,564 feet). Although it isn’t the highest mountain in terms of height, its location is what makes this the furthest point from the equator.

The mountain is located 1 degree south of the equator, and since earth is spherical in shape with a “thicker” equator, this “thickness” is what ensures the furthest distance between the mountain and the core of the earth. It is 6,384.4 kilometers (3,967.1 miles) away from the center, while Mount Everest is 6,382.3 kilometers (3,965.8 miles) from the earth’s center.