Africa’s Largest Economies – Top 20 Economies In Africa

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Africa is by far the world’s poorest inhabited continent. Though parts of the continent have made significant gains over the last few years. The decolonization of Africa was fraught with instability aggravated by cold war conflict. Since the mid-20th century, the Cold War and increased corruption and despotism have also contributed to Africa’s poor economy. The biggest contrast in terms of development has been between Africa and the economy of Europe. The African Economic Outlook report specifically mentions that Africa’s trade with China has multiplied by 10 since 2001, reaching over USD 100 billion in 2008.

While no African nation has joined the ranks of the developed nations in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) yet, the entire continent is not utterly impoverished and there is considerable variation in its wealth. North Africa has long been closely linked to the economies of Europe and the Middle East. South Africa is by far the continent’s wealthiest state in total GDP, accounting for 30% of the continent’s GDP in nominal terms and 24% by PPP. The small but oil-rich states of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea round out the list of the ten wealthiest states in Africa.

This entry below gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year.

The top 20 Largest Economies In Africa as of January 1, 2011:

#1. South Africa

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$524 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 30.8%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 2.5%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 66.7% (As of 2010)

Population: 50,586,757 (As of 2011)

Unemployment Rate: 24.9% (As of 2010)

#2. Egypt

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$497.8 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 37.5%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 14%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 48.3% (As of 2010)

Population: 80,801,170 (As of 2011)

Unemployment Rate: 9.7% (As of 2010)

 #3. Nigeria

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$377.9  Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 32%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 30%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 38% (As of 2010)

Population: 155,215,573 (As of 2010)

Unemployment Rate: 4.9% (As of 2007)

#4. Algeria

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$251.1  Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 61.6%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 8.3%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 30.1% (As of 2010)

Population: 36,423,000 (As of 2010)

Unemployment Rate: 10% (As of 2010)

#5. Morocco

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$151.4  Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 31.6%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 17.1%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 51.4% (As of 2010)

Population: 32,208,557 (As of 2011)

Unemployment Rate: 9.1% (As of 2010)

#6. Angola

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$107.3  Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 65.8%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 9.6%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 24.6% (As of 2008)

Population: 18,498,000 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: NA%

#7. Sudan

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$100  Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 29.5%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 30.5%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 39.9% (As of 2010)

Population: 30,894,000 (As of 2008)

Unemployment Rate: 18.7% (As of 2002)

#7. Tunisia

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$100  Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 34.6%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 10.6%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 54.8% (As of 2010)

Population: 10,432,500 (As of April 2, 2011)

Unemployment Rate: 13% (As of  2010)

#9. Libya

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$90.57 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 62.9%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 2.6%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 34.6% (As of 2010)

Population: 6,420,000 (As of 2010)

Unemployment Rate: 30% (As of  2004)

#10. Ethiopia

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$86.12 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 11%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 50%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 39% (As of 2010)

Population: 82,101,998 (As of 2011)

Unemployment Rate: NA%

#11. Kenya

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$66.03 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 16%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 22%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 62% (As of 2010)

Population: 41,070,934 (As of 2011)

Unemployment Rate: 40% (As of 2008)

#12. Ghana

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$61.97 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 18.6%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 29.9%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 51.4% (As of 2010)

Population: 24,233,431 (As of 2010)

Unemployment Rate: 11% (As of 2000)

#13. Tanzania

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$58.44 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 24%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 28.4%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 47.6% (As of 2010)

Population: 43,739,000 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: NA%

#14. Cameroon

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$44.33 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 31.4%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 19.7%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 48.9% (As of 2010)

Population: 19,100,000 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: 30% (As of 2001)

#15. Uganda

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$42.15 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 24.5%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 23.6%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 51.9% (As of 2010)

Population: 32,369,558 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: NA%

#16. Cote d’Ivoire

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$37.0 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 21.3%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 28%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 50.7% (As of 2010)

Population: 20,617,068 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: 40-50%

#17. Senegal

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$23.88 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 21.7%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 15.9%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 62.4% (As of 2010)

Population: 13,711,597 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: 48% (As of 2001)

#18. Equatorial Guinea

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$23.82 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 93.9%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 2.2%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 3.8% (As of 2010)

Population: 676,000 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: 22.3% (As of 2009)

#19. Democratic Republic of the Congo

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$23.12 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 22.7%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 48.4%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP: 29% (As of 2010)

Population: 71,712,867 (As of 2011)

Unemployment Rate: NA%

#20. Gabon

GDP- Purchasing Power Parity: US$22.48 Billion (As of 2010)

Contribution of Industrial Sector in GDP: 53.7%

Contribution of Agricultural Sector in GDP: 5.2%

Contribution of Services Sector in GDP:  41.1% (As of 2010)

Population: 1,475,000 (As of 2009)

Unemployment Rate: 21% (As of 2006)


[Source: Factbook]

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Africa’s Largest Economies – Top 20 Economies In Africa